Enhancing geo-science and mitigation technology Just before noon on the morning of Sept. 1, 1923, a massive earthquake shook Japan's Kanto Plain, hitting the busy industrial cities of Tokyo and Yokohama. GF-DRR is managed by the World Bank and funded by Japan and 20 other donor partners. After the 2011 Japan tsunami, Oregon residents made planning for a major earthquake and tsunami a priority but needed resources to help them prepare in different ways. Some stones were not as helpful though: they were swept away by the wave that was the largest Japan had seen since 869 A.D..18 The tsunami stones may have helped s… The danger from a tsunami can last for several hours after the arrival of the first wave. Additionally, the most advanced earthquake and tsunami early warning system of the whole world is installed in Japan during 2003 to 2007, which is one of the main parts of this crisis management system. A local earthquake may generate tsunami waves that can reach shore in minutes. Every year since 1960, the country marks Disaster Prevention Day on Sept. 1, the anniversary of the 1923 Tokyo quake. The Watch area may be upgraded to a Warning or Advisory - or canceled - based on updated information and analysis. policies into country-level strategies, and a range of training and knowledge sharing activities. The meteorological agency had issued a warning after the quake, but it came too late for the hundreds of people who were killed. Rumors spread that Koreans were looting and thousands were massacred in retribution. In 2000, the country's building codes were revised again, this time with specific requirements and mandatory checks. Managing Tsunami Risk in the Aftermath The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami highlighted inherent vulnerabilities in the world’s coastlines and the people who live there. The event began with a powerful earthquake off the coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island, which initiated a series of large tsunami … On Japan's east coast, where tsunamis frequently hit, hundreds of earthquake and tsunami proof shelters have been built. Some Japanese have tsunami stones to thank for the safety of their homes and lives: in Aneyoshi, a tsunami stone states, “ high dwellings ensure the peace and happiness of our descendants.” See Figure 2. When disaster does hit, as it did today, Japan's buildings fare relatively well. © 2019 TIME USA, LLC. Even in Japan, some people wander down to the shore after a tsunami warning to have a look and many ignore warnings because often no big tsunami strikes. Still, whatever the extent of the death and destruction, it would be much worse if not for Japan's hard-earned culture of preparedness. Of course, all the preparation in the world can't stop the earth from trembling. Located in the “Ring of Fire” arc of volcanoes and oceanic trenches partly encircling the Pacific Basin, Japan accounts for about 20 percent of the world’s earthquakes of magnitude 6.0 or greater. REUTERS/Yuriko Nakao. In 1981 Japan updated its building guidelines with an eye to earthquake science. Japan boasts the world's most sophisticated earthquake early-warning systems. (See pictures of the massive earthquake that struck off the coast of Japan on March 11, 2011.). Memorial Stone of Tsunami indicates where tsunami reached at Nehama coast in Kamaishi-city, Iwate, Japan. Japan Disaster Shakes Up Supply-Chain Strategies If often takes a crisis like this to get an organization to look at the way their strategies. Instead, they rebuilt very carefully. 1. Fire-prone, wood and brick buildings were replaced with six-story towers of concrete and steel. 5 Japan has accumulated a great deal of sophisticated disaster prevention technology, and is keen to help mitigate damage from earthquakes around the world. Cabinet Secretariat,Government of Japan Disaster Management Bureau, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan. The monitoring system has been upgraded several times since its inception in 1952, and especially after a 7.8 magnitude quake in 1993 triggered a 30-meter high tsunami that devastated the coast of Hokkaido. Local officials activate sirens and loudspeaker systems, and also decide if an evacuation advisory is needed. This involved enhancing research and education, … While warning systems and tsunami mapping and modeling are basic tools in promoting tsunami safety, there are a number of strategies that are essential in protecting lives and property in major tsunami events. 3. Forecasting tsunami is only part of the battle, however. 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